According to a statement released by the OSCE on the day after the conference, all parties agreed that the fighting had "subsided in recent days", and that the "situation along 70%" of the buffer zone was "calm". Hospitals and residential buildings were heavily damaged, and many remaining residents took shelter in basements. A convoy of refugees from Luhansk was hit by Grad rockets near the village of Novosvitlivka.  There are at least 200 insurgent-affiliated Serbian volunteers fighting in Ukraine.  Militants then launched an attack on a local police station, leading the Ukrainian government to send in military forces.  Forty-one Ukrainian soldiers deserted their posts and went to the insurgent-controlled Izvaryne border crossing, where they told insurgents that they refused to fight against their "own people". Overnight, between seven and twelve soldiers were killed and between twenty-five and thirty were wounded.  Insurgent commander Igor Girkin said that this was done to fortify Donetsk city centre, and also to avoid being encircled by government forces. Over the next few days, fighting continued around Donetsk International Airport, whilst Donetsk city itself came under heavy shelling.  On 25 May, between 2,000 to 5,000 protesters marched to Akhmetov's mansion in Donetsk city, and demanded the nationalisation of Akhmetov's property, while chanting "Akhmetov is an enemy of the people!".  According to the Armed Forces, three-quarters of the territory once held by the insurgents had been recaptured.  "I cannot object to them, since Slavyansk considers Russia its elder brother and we will not fight with Russia," she said of the militants. This civil war between Ukraine’s government and pro-Russian rebels in its eastern …  On the same day, militants seized control over the city administration building in Alchevsk.  The headquarters of the DPR in Donetsk city were also shelled.  Insurgents went on to seize the prosecutor's office in Sievierodonetsk on 7 May.  On the same day, DPR prime minister Alexander Borodai said that he wanted to resume ceasefire talks.  Human Rights Watch said that Ukrainian government forces, pro-government paramilitaries, and the insurgents had used unguided Grad rockets in attacks on civilian areas, stating that "The use of indiscriminate rockets in populated areas violates international humanitarian law, or the laws of war, and may amount to war crimes".  Despite these advances by the Armed Forces, the border with Russia was not secured. Turchynov said that "the terrorists who effectively took the whole Donetsk Oblast hostage have now gone too far". , The suburb of Mayorsk, just outside Horlivka, and the city of Sievierodonetsk, in Luhansk Oblast, were recaptured by the Armed Forces on 22 July.  During the next morning, a convoy of border guardsmen was attacked by insurgents while passing Mariupol, leaving at least five of the guardsmen dead..  Insurgents destroyed railway bridges over the roads, causing them to collapse and block the roads. I came here to pay my dues to them".  Meanwhile, fighting in Luhansk resulted in the loss of electrical power and water services across the city.  The battalion includes both fighters from Russia and from Ukraine. There was also fighting Makiivka and Ilovaisk, two cities just outside of Donetsk city.  There were also multiple instances of beatings and abductions of local residents by Ukrainian troops, such as Oleh Lyashko's militia and the Aidar territorial defence battalion.  In the aftermath of the Battle of Donetsk Airport, local authorities said that some wounded militants were Chechens from Grozny and Gudermes. "There are two opposite ways for resolving this conflict – a political dialogue and the heavy-handed approach.  The headquarters of the DPR was captured.  Some members of the local police unit defected to the Donetsk People's Republic earlier in the day, whilst the remaining offices were forced to retreat, allowing the insurgents to take control of the building. The barricade outside the Donetsk RSA, with banners displaying anti-western slogans. Changes of the territories controlled by insurgents since 2014.07.01. During the War in Donbass, an OSCE observer allowed Russian separatists to use the organization's marked vehicle, which prompted the belief that the OSCE was biased in the war and not interested in carrying out its duties of mediating a ceasefire. They also said that there were "command and control issues" amongst both parties to the conflict.  Government forces closed in on Luhansk and Donetsk cities on 3 August.  Protesters barricaded the building, and demanded that all arrested separatist leaders be released. Separatists had earlier seized vast quantities of munitions from the captured border post.  DPR and LPR leaders said that they retained their desire for full independence from Ukraine, despite these concessions.  By 21 July, heavy fighting in Donetsk had begun again.  Despite this, Ukrainian troops quickly withdrew from the city for unknown reasons, and the separatists quickly regained control.  A spokesman for the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine said that the entrance of the column into Ukraine was an attempt "by the Russian military in the guise of Donbass fighters to open a new area of military confrontation".  One civilian was killed in the shelling. Local pro-Russian activists blamed Ukrainian nationalists for the attack upon the building, but said that the DPR had regained control.  According to the BBC report, Mr Skillt said "there are only a handful of foreign fighters in the Azov Battalion and they do not get paid".  NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen confirmed that a "Russian incursion" into Ukraine had occurred. , The ultra-nationalist group Right Sector has its own volunteer battalion that is fighting against the separatists. , Separatist militants took control of the city administration building, police offices, and SBU building in Sloviansk, a city in the northern part of Donetsk Oblast, on 12 April. He claimed to be fighting voluntarily as part of the "Russian Imperialist Movement. Ukrainian officials in Mariupol said that the situation there "was worsening by the hour", and that there was an imminent danger of an attack on the city. Similarly, the president of the Lugansk People's Republic, Valery Bolotov, declared martial law on 22 May. , The Lugansk People's Republic (LPR) was declared on 27 April.  The fighting continued overnight into 26 July, with explosions, shelling, and shooting heard across the city.. , As government troops pushed into Donetsk on 5 August, heavy fighting erupted at 17:00 in the Petrivsky district of the city.  A Horlivka city council deputy, Volodymyr Rybak, was kidnapped by masked men believed to be pro-Russian militants on 17 April. They told Ukrainian journalists who were reporting on the situation to "go back to Kiev".  In response to the attack, Ukrainian president Poroshenko said that "For every life of our soldiers, the militants will pay with tens and hundreds of their own". Already high levels of domestic violenceare reportedly soaring.  The Internal Affairs ministry stated that some insurgents had attempted to enter Luhansk Oblast from Russia, but had been repelled by border guards.  The insurgent-occupied city of Horlivka was encircled by the Armed Forces on 18 August. , According to a report released by the UN Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) on 8 October, the ceasefire implemented by the Minsk Protocol was becoming "increasing fragile". You know which country that represents". , Unmarked separatist militants seized the Donetsk office of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on 12 April without resistance.  LPR-affiliated insurgents said that they had captured the airport on 1 July, but the Ukrainian army managed to maintain control over it. , People queueing for water in Donetsk, 22 August 2014, Insurgents pushed into Novoazovsk on 27 August. Girkin also said that the Sloviansk insurgents had agreed to work with the leadership of the Donetsk People's Republic, despite some conflict between insurgent groups. , Ukrainian troops launched another attack on insurgents in Mariupol on 9 May. Government forces then launched an assault on separatist positions at the airport with paratroopers and airstrikes.  A number of the Vostok insurgents were killed at the Battle of Donetsk Airport. , Damaged block of flats in Donetsk, 14 July 2014, Insurgents attacked a border post in Novoazovsk on 2 July. Ukraineball, angry at Crimeaball, was enraged and …  Also, the pro-Ukrainian paramilitary Donbas Battalion captured Popasna. February 19th, 2015. According to Donetsk city administration, eleven houses were damaged in Petrivsky, and at least one man was injured.  At the time, Russian government spokesmen denied these reports. In spite of a lockdown in the region, sporadic shelling goes on, and the foreign ministers of Germany, France, Ukraine and Russia yet again failed to find a solution that will end the conflict that erupted in 2014.  According to The Guardian, their personnel include former members of the disbanded Berkut special police. OSCE monitors documented violations of the Minsk Protocol in numerous areas of Donetsk Oblast from 13–15 September.  Ukrainian forces went on to make gains around Luhansk, ending an insurgent blockade of Luhansk International Airport.  The Ministry of Internal Affairs reported that the city of Sviatogorsk, near Sloviansk, was retaken by Ukrainian troops on 23 April.  Krutov later told reporters that "if they [the separatists] do not lay down their arms, they will be destroyed". Minor skirmishes occurred in Vasylivka and Zhovtneve.  They said these vehicles were marked with "white circles or triangles", similar to the white armbands seen on the captured Russian paratroopers earlier in the week.  The militants were apparently welcomed by the elected mayor, Nelya Shtepa, who said that the buildings were seized by "volunteers" and "activists". Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko said on 21 September that the Armed Forces of Ukraine lost between 60% and 65% of its total active equipment over the course of the war.  Another sixteen people died overnight, and at least sixty were wounded.  These violations resulted in the deaths of four Ukrainian soldiers, whilst twenty-nine were injured. Review: War in Ukraine reflects deceit, division and corruption in black comedy ‘Donbass’. By Uriel Araujo – After Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky met for the first time in December 2019, and war prisoners were exchanged between Ukraine and the self-proclaimed Donbass republics of Donetsk and Lugansk, the world once again turned its eye to the Donbass War.  Donetsk was rocked by explosions, and heavy weapons fire caused smoke to rise over the city. , Damaged building in Donetsk, 7 August 2014, A Ukrainian Air Force MiG-29 fighter jet was shot down by the insurgents in Luhansk Oblast on 17 August.  They said that the airport was "completely destroyed", and entirely unusable. There was an attempted provocation but now it's over". Reports and statements by the US State Department repeatedly accused Russia of orchestrating the April unrest across eastern and southern Ukraine.  Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko said on 10 September that "70% of Russian troops have been moved back across the border", and also added that this action gave him "hope that the peace initiatives have good prospects".  Some thirty militants seized the police headquarters in Konstantinovka on 28 April.  NATO commander Brig.  Nelya Shtepa was detained, and replaced by the self-proclaimed "people's mayor", Vyacheslav Ponomarev.  Government officials said that between fifteen and sixteen insurgents were killed and that five soldiers were injured as well. The defence ministry of Russia said the men had entered Ukraine "by mistake during an exercise". Monitors were escorted to the site by the Armed Forces of Ukraine. DPR-affiliated insurgents blamed the Ukrainian government for the disaster, whereas the government blamed Russia and the insurgents. From the beginning of March 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, together commonly called the "Donbass", in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement. Defence Minister Valeriy Heletey stated on 8 July that there would be "no more unilateral ceasefires", and said dialogue was only possible if the insurgents laid down their weapons. , Ukrainian military roadblocks in Donetsk oblast, Turchynov relaunched the stalled counter-offensive against pro-Russian insurgents on 22 April, after two men, one a local politician, were found "tortured to death". "We are confident that these tanks came from Russia. , Template:Post-Cold War European conflicts , Between 22 and 25 August, Russian artillery, personnel, and a humanitarian convoy were reported to have crossed the border into Ukrainian territory without the permission of the Ukrainian government. A representative of the Republic, Irina Voropoyeva, said "We, the Donetsk People's Republic, still control the building. " At least one separatist and one soldier died in the fighting.  The officials said that seven troops were killed during the day's operations.  To date, reports and interviews have shown the presence of Chechen, Ossetian, Tajik, Afghan, Armenian, and various Russian paramilitary forces operating in Ukraine.  Little fuel remained to power emergency generators. Insurgents said they lost between ten and fifty men. This disaster followed two similar incidents earlier in the week, when two Ukrainian Air Force planes were shot down. The End of the Donbass war?  The Minister of Internal Affairs, Arsen Avakov, said on 9 April that the unrest in Donetsk Oblast would be resolved within forty-eight hours, either through negotiations or the use of force. After fighting severed various transmission lines, Luhansk city lost all access to electrical power. The War in Donbass is an armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine.From the beginning of March 2014, protests by Russian-backed anti-government groups took place in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, commonly collectively called the "Donbass", in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement. Thirty bodies were repatriated to Russia after the fighting. Image by ВО «Свобода. After a brief lull following the insurgent withdrawal from the northern part of Donetsk Oblast, fighting continued to escalate sharply in the eastern parts of Donetsk Oblast. , In a further blow to the insurgents, government forces retook the stronghold of Sloviansk on 5 July. Guardsmen managed to repel the attack, and forced the insurgents back to Stepanivka, where fighting continued. , A funeral service for Ukrainian soldier, 11 September 2014. The Armed Forces have been widely criticised for their poor equipment and inept leadership, forcing Internal Affairs Ministry forces like the National Guard and the territorial defence battalions to take on the brunt of the fighting.. " On 25 May, the SBU arrested thirteen Russian Cossacks in Luhansk. To the north, close to Starobesheve, Ukrainian forces said that they spotted a column of 100 armoured vehicles, tanks, and Grad rocket lorries that was heading south, toward Novoazovsk. Between two and fourteen soldiers, and seven and twenty insurgents were killed during the fighting.  On 16 May, however, Metinvest steelworkers, along with local police and security forces, routed the insurgents from the city administration and other occupied government buildings in the city. , Unrest in Luhansk Oblast began on 6 April, when approximately 1,000 activists seized and occupied the SBU building in the city of Luhansk, following similar occupations in the cities of Donetsk and Kharkiv. As this attack occurred, insurgents in Luhansk received reinforcements. , Another border post was attacked on 5 June, in the village of Marynivka. Clashes broke out between insurgents and the Armed Forces along the border with Russia in Shakhtarsk Raion on 16 July. Vast amounts of military equipment and troops crossed the border from Russia into southern Donetsk Oblast, an area previously controlled by the Ukrainian government.  A so-called "Peace March" was held in the Donbass Arena in Donetsk city, accompanied by cars sounding their horns at noon.  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